“Race, Space, and Waste: An Intersectional Approach to Environmental Justice in New York City.” 

Rachel McKane, Lacee Satcher, Stacey L. Houston II, and David J. Hess. 2018. Environmental Sociology 4(1):79-92

This study contributes to the environmental justice (EJ) literature by quantitatively examining spatial location within a city through an intersectional lens. Specifically, we develop the literature on longstanding conflicts over the location of bus depots and urban environmental inequality to study how patterns of racial, ethnic, and class inequality are related to distance to bus depots in four boroughs in New York City. We use a continuous measure of distance and examine the moderating effects of race, ethnicity, and class. Using census tracts as our unit of analysis, we find a general trend suggesting that census tracts with above-average percentages of racial and/or ethnic minority groups are located closer to bus depots, and we find that in three of the boroughs class moderates the relationship between racial composition and census tracts’distance to bus depots. However, we also show how these relationships vary across the boroughs. Thus, this article develops the study of EJ, transportation justice, and spatial location to examine how social disparities created by political and spatial divisions within cities are varied in their impact across intersecting social identities.

Other Publications

Rachel McKane and Holly McCammon. 2018. “Why We March: The Role of Grievances, Threats and Organizational Resources in the 2017 Women’s Marches.” Mobilization 23(4):401-424, DOI:10.17813/1086- 671X-23-4-401

We use Metropolitan Statistical Area-level data to investigate the emergence and size of the 2017 Women's Marches. Our findings indicate that the protests can be understood through both grievances and threats felt in the aftermath of Trump's election and movement organizational resources. While the impact of movement resources is as expected (more protest in MSAs with greater resources), the effect of grievances and threats is complex. Cautions concerning the marches in both African American and Hispanic communities result in negative influences on protest in MSAs with larger black and Latino populations. Also, heightened grievances/threats generally do not increase the occurrence of the Women's Marches, but some grievances/threats, specifically among feminists and those voting for Clinton, increase the size of protests. We also do not find significant interactions between grievances and movement resources. Our findings suggest that because post-election grievances/threats were strongly felt, protesters did not need movement organizational leaders to help them define their grievance. They simply needed movement groups to provide venues for protest, that is, a coordinated set of sister marches. We conclude that researchers should consider both the type of grievances and threats and how grievances/threats and organizational resources work alongside one another to promote protest.

David J. Hess and Rachel McKane. 2017. “Renewable Energy Research and Development: A Political Economy Perspective.” In David Tyfield, Rebecca Lave, Samuel Randalls, and Charles Thorpe, eds. Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of Science.